Czech republic is one of the parts of the country that most knew under
the name of Czechoslovakia.
The landlocked country (it doesn't border on any sea) is situated in the geographic centre of Europe
and consists of three historical areas – Bohemia, Moravia and the Czech
part of Silesia. The Czech Republic is called the roof of Europe since
all the rivers which have their source in the area drain into
neighbouring countries. After World War II, Czechoslovakia fell
within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw
Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize
party rule and create "socialism with a human face." Anti-Soviet
demonstrations the following year ushered in a period of harsh
repression. With the collapse of Soviet authority in 1989,
Czechoslovakia regained its freedom through a peaceful "Velvet
Revolution." On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce"
into its two national components, the Czech Republic and
Slovakia. Now a
member of NATO, the Czech Republic has moved toward integration in world
markets, a development that poses both opportunities and risks. here are
about 10 million people in the Czech Republic (1.3 million in Prague).
Tourism in the
Czech Republic really dates from the 1989 Velvet Revolution and has
largely focused on Prague (near the middle of Bohemia), with its great
museums, galleries, concerts and other attractions. Many day trips are
possible from Prague, including the great western spa towns of Karlovy
Vary and Mariánské Láznì, early settlements like Kutná Hora and castles
like Karlstejn. However, the rest of the country has much to offer to
the independent traveller.
The country possesses an immense number of fascinating castles, churches
and other architectural gems. It has always been known for its
musicians, and there are an enormous number of all types of concerts and
festivals to choose from..
The territory of the Czech Republic was historically one of the most
economically developed and industrialised parts of Europe. As the only
country in central Europe to remain a democracy until 1938, the then
Czechoslovakia was among the ten most developed industrial states of the
world before the second world war. Coal and lignite are in abundant
supply. There are also deposits of mercury, antimony, tin, lead, zinc
and iron ore, and a number of major European uranium deposits.
Processing industries (machinery, steel, chemicals, glass, and
agri-food) are the most highly developed. Cereals, sugar beet and hops
are intensively cultivated, although agriculture plays a comparatively
small role alongside the traditional engineering and other industries.
The attractiveness of the Czech Republic and especially of its
city, Prague, lies in a remarkable historical and architectural heritage
stretching back over 1 000 years, and brings over 10 million visitors a
year to the Czech Republic. Throughout the centuries, Prague preserved
its unrivalled richness of historical monuments of different styles.
Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Art Nouveau and cubism form a
unique aesthetic unit.
The Czechs love traveling, both abroad and inside their own country,
visiting plenty of castles built in the past centuries
which still dominate the Czech landscape. Many monuments of folk
architecture, picturesque villages and living traditions of folk music
and local folk costumes are typical for the Moravian region.
Goethe called this country ‘a continent within a continent’ because, he
said, it has everything a continent needs except a coastline. With
hills, highlands and mountains covering more than 95 percent of the
territory, it is ideal for skiing, mountain biking and hill-walking.
Sport is very popular in the Czech Republic which is very famous for its
ice hockey and tennis champions.
Czech beverages such as Czech beer
(Pils) or mineral water from more than 900
natural springs (a world record) are extremely popular.